European Southern Observatory (ESO)

Successor to the European Organization for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere, the European Southern Observatory (ESO) represents 16 nations collaborating on ground based astronomical research. At a 1962 Convention, the ESO announced its primary mission,...

Very Large Array (VLA)

The Very Large Array (VLA) is one of Planet Earth’s premier astronomical radio observatories. An important component of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), the VLA is located in central New Mexico and houses twenty seven 25-meter radio telescopes,...

NASA’s Goddard Spaceflight Center

Honoring the father of modern rocket propulsion, Dr. Robert Goddard, the Goddard Space Flight Center houses the United States’ largest organization of astronomers, engineers, and scientists, where innovation in space technology and study of the universe take center...

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)

The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) is an American research and development center located in Pasadena, California. Federally funded and managed on behalf of NASA by the California Institute of Technology, the laboratory functions as a construction site for robotic...

NASA’s Deep Space Network

NASA’s Deep Space Network, or DSN, is a network of US Spacecraft communication facilities than spans the globe. Running 24/7/365, facilities operating the network are located in California, Spain, and Australia, each approximately 120 degrees apart on Earth,...

Sunspot Solar Observatory

As the American Military became increasingly interested in solar physics during the Second World War, the need for a solar observatory became apparent.  Designed for the purpose of studying our planet’s host star, the Sunspot Solar Observatory is an astronomical...