Hubble Space Telescope (HST)

Twenty-nine years ago, the Hubble Space Telescope launched into orbit, beginning one of NASA’s greatest missions that completely altered the way our civilization views the Cosmos. The first of NASA’s Great Observatories, Hubble launched on April 24, 1990 aboard the...

James Webb Space Telescope (JWST)

The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) represents NASA’s technological prowess and innovation as humanity’s premier space observatory of the 2020s. NASA expects to launch it into orbit sometime in 2021, though the ambitious project has already had some schedule changes...

Spitzer Space Telescope (SST)

The Spitzer Space Telescope (SST) is an infrared space telescope launched in 2003, its mission ongoing. It is the final installation of NASA’s Great Observatories Program, following the Hubble Space Telescope, Compton Gamma Ray Observatory, and the Chandra X-ray...

Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO)

The Chandra X-ray Observatory (CXO) is a space observatory launched on STS-93 from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida on July 23, 1999, its mission ongoing to the present day. Designed to detect x-ray emissions from extremely hot regions of space including galaxy...

XMM Newton Space Observatory

XMM Newton, also referred to as the High Throughput X-ray Spectroscopy Mission or the X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission, is an X-ray Observatory launched on December 10, 1999 from the Guiana Space Centre in French Guiana, France on an Ariane 5 rocket. The mission is operated...